The following information regarding understanding Short Sales is taken right from the State generated form titled- Short Sale Disclosure. This is given for realtors to convey to Buyers when putting an offer on any Short Sale property.
1. SHORT SALE DEFINED. The term “Short Sale” is used in the real estate business to describe a situation where the current fair market value of the property is less than the debt owing against the property. In other words, the Seller can’t sell the property unless
the creditors (“Third Parties”) agree to accept a payment that is less than (or “short” of) the amounts actually owed to those Third Parties. The Third Parties may include mortgage lenders, mortgage insurers, bankruptcy trustees, and federal, state and local taxing authorities (such as the IRS or State Tax Commission) or other lien holders.
2. THIRD PARTY APPROVAL CONDITION. A Short Sale requires the written approval of the Third Parties. Consequently, the Seller of the property and any Buyer is advised that even if they reach an agreement with each other for the purchase and sale of the property the Buyer’s obligation to purchase, and the Seller’s obligation to sell, are respectively conditioned upon Third Party Approval of the Short Sale as defined in the Short Sale Addendum.
3. THIRD PARTY REJECTION OR CHANGES TO THE PROPOSED SHORT SALE. Third Parties may reject a proposed Short Sale. If however, the Third Parties do not reject the proposed Short Sale, they will usually send to the Seller a list of requested changes to
the proposed purchase contract (“Third Party Modifications”). The Third Party Modifications may affect the Seller; and others may affect the Buyer. For example, the Third Parties may not permit the Seller to pay for any of the Buyer’s closing costs, or may require that the transaction close by a certain date. The Seller and the Buyer are not obligated to accept any of the requested Third Party Modifications – in which case, there will be no Short Sale. If, however, the Seller and Buyer agree upon the Third Party Modifications in an addendum to the REPC, then the Short Sale transaction may proceed to closing.
4. DELAYS IN RESPONSE FROM THE THIRD PARTIES. Most purchase contracts for Short Sales impose a deadline for written approval by the Third Parties. The Third Parties may not meet that deadline or respond at all. The Seller and the Buyer should be prepared
for significant delays in receiving any response from the Third Parties.
5. RIGHT OF THIRD PARTIES TO ENCOURAGE ADDITIONAL OFFERS. As a condition to considering any proposed Short Sale, the Third Parties may require the Seller to keep the Property on the market even after the Seller and the Buyer have agreed to the terms of
a proposed purchase contract. The Third Parties want to obtain the highest possible price for the property. Therefore, some Third Parties require the Seller to keep the Property on the market, and to promptly submit to the Third Parties any additional offers that the owner may receive from other Buyers. The Seller and the Buyer should understand that the Third Parties may not respond to a proposed Short Sale transaction until they have had an opportunity to compare that offer with other purchase offers. That process may also result in significant delays for all parties.
6. RIGHT OF BUYER TO CANCEL. Seller and Buyer are also advised that at any time prior to the Third Party Approval Deadline or the Third Party Approval, whichever occurs first, as defined in the Short Sale Addendum, Buyer may cancel the proposed Short Sale
transaction for any reason, or for no reason, by providing written notice to Seller whereupon any Earnest Money Deposit shall be released to Buyer without the requirement of further written authorization from Seller.
7. TAX AND LEGAL CONSEQUENCES. The undersigned is advised that participating in a Short Sale transaction may have negative legal or tax consequences. You are advised to consult your attorney or tax adviser if you desire specific legal or tax advice.